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image: Corey Coyle [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

By Mother of All Peoples, Catholic Exchange, October 9, 2019

{Mother of All Peoples is an international lay organization that seeks to spread knowledge of and devotion to the Virgin Mary, and works for the papal definition of our Lady as Coredemptrix, Mediatrix, and Advocate.}

Up to this point in history, the Catholic Church has proclaimed four “dogmas” or solemnly pronounced doctrines about Mary, the Mother of Jesus. The first Marian dogma is that Mary is the “Mother of God,” that is, the mother of God the Son made man in Jesus Christ (Council of Ephesus, 431). Secondly, the Perpetual Virginity of Mary proclaims that the Mother of Jesus who was virginal before, during, and after the birth of Jesus Christ (Lateran Council, 649). Thirdly, the “Immaculate Conception” was infallibly proclaimed by Blessed Pius IX in 1854, declaring that Mary was conceived without original sin. The fourth Marian dogma proclaims that Mary was assumed body and soul into heaven at the end of her earthly life, known as her “Assumption,” which was infallibly defined by Pope Pius XII, 1950.

The last major doctrine about Mary is her role as the Spiritual Mother of all Peoples, under its three motherly aspects of Co-redemptrix, Mediatrix of all graces, and Advocate as officially taught by the Papal Magisterium of the Catholic Church.

Mary enacts her role as Spiritual Mother to humanity in three basic ways: as the spiritual mother who suffers for us (Co-redemptrix), the spiritual mother who nourishes us (Mediatrix of all graces) and the spiritual mother who intercedes for us (Advocate).

Mary, Co-redemptrix

Mary consented to be the Mother of Jesus (cf. Lk 1:38), and by her “fiat” or “yes,” brought Jesus Christ, our divine Redeemer, into the world (cf. Lk 2:7). As the “Mother suffering,” Mary profoundly shared in the suffering of her Son for our Redemption, as was prophesied by Simeon: “…and a sword shall pierce through your own heart, too” (Lk 2:35). On the cross at Calvary, Jesus gave his mother to be our own spiritual mother: “Woman, behold your son…behold, your mother ” (Jn. 19:26-27). Mary’s motherly heart suffered in union with her crucified Son, and she offered her suffering in union with the sufferings of Jesus to the Heavenly Father for the Redemption of the world. Her Immaculate Conception providentially prepared her to uniquely cooperate with her son in the historic work of Redemption. ….