Why is Pentecost on a Sunday? by Phillip Campbell

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By Phillip Campbell, Catholic Exchange, June 2, 2022

Phillip Campbell is a history teacher for Homeschool Connections and the author of many books on Catholic history, most notably the Story of Civilization series from TAN Books. …

Pentecost is one of the most ancient feasts of the Catholic Church, predating Christmas and perhaps emerging alongside Easter. It is first mentioned in a fragment of a lost work by St. Irenaeus, dating to the late second century.[1] He wrote that Christians omitted genuflecting during the Pentecost liturgy as a sign of its special significance. A few decades later, Tertullian mentioned the feast as something already well established and assumes his readers’ familiarity with it. In his treatise on baptism (probably written between 198 and 207) he suggests that, after Easter, Pentecost is the most fitting day upon which to celebrate baptisms.[2] It may thus be assumed that the feast had become a universal observation by the year 200 at the latest. …

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